What is the Difference Between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate?
Click Here To View Our Awesome Infographic ‘The Key 5 Differences Between Full-Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD’
If you’re looking for a hemp-based wellness product, does it make a difference which one you choose?
Yes, it really does…
In addition to understanding the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil, it’s also important to further look at the difference between CBD products that can be classified as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or isolate before deciding what type of product you want to buy.
Let’s start by looking at the CBD Spectrum.
The CBD Spectrum
CBD can be divided into three main types: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate.
Full-spectrum CBD can be taken to mean an extract of the ‘full plant’ and is sometimes called ‘whole-plant CBD extract’ for this reason. This means that CBD has been extracted from the hemp plant along with many other different naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. Flavonoids are plant chemicals that give the hemp its colour, and terpenes are the aromatic components of the essential oils of a plant. There are also essential vitamins, fatty acids, proteins and more as well as trace amounts of THC.
Full-spectrum CBD is popular due to:
- The additional cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids that offer additional health and wellness support.
- The ‘entourage effect’ where the plant’s natural compounds interact together to more effectively support health and wellness than the single compounds would when used in isolation.
Broad-spectrum has a similar make-up to full-spectrum CBD, but all traces of THC have been removed. Broad-spectrum can, therefore, be thought of as the middle-man between full-spectrum and isolate CBD. As an extract, it still has many of the important terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids, but no THC.
It is a popular choice for those who do not want, or cannot have, any trace of THC in their system but are still wanting to enjoy all the benefits of whole spectrum CBD, including the entourage effect. It is important to note though, that similar to full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD combines various flavonoids, cannabinoids and terpenes that have been extracted from hemp plants. The ratios of these elements can vary – and this can happen even in different batches of the same CBD product.
In a chemical extraction process, the CBD molecule is isolated from the rest of the cannabis plant. CBD isolates, therefore, have no THC (and is therefore not psychoactive), but it’s also stripped of other useful compounds that would normally be present in the hemp plant including terpenes, flavonoids, vitamins and protein.
The benefits of CBD isolate include:
- The option to have higher concentrations of CBD per dose
- The THC concentration is removed
- The cost per milligram comes down
Isolated CBD is the purest form of the CBD compound, which makes it more consistent than both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD. And because it is only the CBD compound, there is no chance that even a small amount of THC will show on a drug test. There are concerns that isolate CBD may not be as effective as full or broad-spectrum CBD because the ‘entourage effect’ of cannabinoids increases the efficacy of those CBD products. In the UK, CBD isolate products are only available in vape and cosmetic products.
Is Full Spectrum CBD Oil Better Than CBD Isolate?
Because CBD isolate has been stripped of most of its nutritional value, so many of the important biochemical effects that other cannabinoids and terpenes are removed.
Full-Spectrum CBD oil contains 104 cannabinoids, in addition to cannabidiol (CBD) other important cannabinoids, include:
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
- Cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabinol (CBN)
In addition to the cannabinoids, full-spectrum CBD also contains:
- B complex vitamins
- Antioxidants include vitamins A, C and E
- Twenty amino acids
- Essential fatty acids (such as Omega 3 and Omega 6)
- Iron, Potassium, Phosphorus and Zinc
- Calcium and Magnesium
Choose the Right Product for Your Needs
There are benefits to full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolate CBD, and so the choice comes down to individual preference.
Full-spectrum CBD oil offers a more holistic approach and the ‘entourage effect’ that may improve the product’s effectiveness. A broad-spectrum CBD allows you to enjoy the benefits of full-spectrum CBD without any concern for the possible effects of the trace amounts of THC. And, for a controlled, pure method, CBD isolates may be the right choice.
Choose Based on Quality
Whether you decide on full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate CBD oil, the most important thing to consider is the quality of the product. High-quality CBD from a reputable manufacturer will ensure that you are able to enjoy the benefits of the product safely with the knowledge that you are consuming a product that will optimally support your health and wellness goals.
From tinctures to edibles, capsules to skincare products, whatever you put in or on your body should be carefully sourced and selected from a trustworthy CBD company. When it comes to things that you’re ingesting or rubbing on your skin, it’s important to use the best available products, and not to cut corners.
If you’ve decided on whether you’re looking for full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or isolate CBD, it’s important to find a seller that offers high quality, organic CBD products that are backed by third-party lab testing reports and excellent customer reviews. This gives you peace of mind knowing that what you put into your body is safe and will produce the desired results.
Choosing full-spectrum, broad-spectrum or isolate CBD is a matter of preference as each has a different make-up that will suit different people.
As suggested by its name, full-spectrum CBD has been extracted from the hemp plant along with many other cannabinoids including trace amounts of THC as well as terpenes and flavonoids. One of the main benefits of full-spectrum CBD is the “entourage effect” where the compounds work together synergistically. Broad-spectrum is similar, but the THC has been removed, and CBD isolate is pure CBD with no other compounds included in the product.
Broad-spectrum is similar full-spectrum CBD, but it has had all traces of the THC removed so while it still offers some of the “entourage effect”, this is done without THC. It is favoured by people who do not wish to or are not allowed to have any THC in their system.
CBD isolate is effectively the purest form of CBD as all other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and other elements have been removed. It is, therefore, more consistent than other forms of CBD as there are no variances in the levels of ingredients from product to product, but in the UK it is only available for vaping and in cosmetic products.